Deploying a Ceph Development Environment Cluster

This post explains how we can deploy a Ceph development cluster from Ceph source code.

I tested it in Windows 10 + Docker for Windows with WSL2 engine + WSL2 Ubuntu 20.04.

1. Prerequisites

Two Github repositores are necessary: Ceph 1 and Ceph-dev-docker 2.

Ceph dev docker is a kind of wrapper that automates all required steps for deloying Ceph development cluster. It users Docker container to deploy the local development of Ceph. Therefore, Docker is also required. Refer to [this] for Docker installation.

Ceph repository is bound into a container and compiled inside the container. It requires substantial amount of time to be fully built. However, after finishing the first build, Ceph stores a compiler cache (ccache) and uses them for further incremental build, which significantly reduce build time. For this, make an empty directory anywhere with any name.

$ git clone
$ git clone
$ mkdir ceph-ccache

Required directories. ceph: cloned ceph repository, ceph-ccache: an empty directory for ccache, and ceph-dev-docker: cloned ceph-dev-docker repository. You can freely specify the name of directories and the location.

2. Running a Docker Container

ceph-dev-docker provides a script to get a container. All required packages will be installed in this container, Ceph will be compiled here, and run in here as well.

As indicated in in the repository, it takes several variables. If your environment (the location or the name of directories) are different from mine, read it carefully for proper container initialization.

~/ceph-dev-docker $ NAME=ceph-dev CCACHE=/root/ceph-ccache CEPH=/root/ceph ./

The shell script builds a Docker container image with docker build, and run it.

Once completed, you are in ther container with zsh. Check whether /ceph is properly mounted. There are several pre-implemented scripts in /shared/bin in the container for Ceph deployment.


Environment in the container. You will use the script in /shared/bin to deploy a Ceph cluster.

3. Building and Running Ceph

Although Ceph provides [a manual] to build Ceph, ceph-dev-docker provides a more convenient way for this.

/ceph $

This script installs all the required packages, and build Ceph from source. I prefer this way since I do not have to install packages in the host machine that are not used by others.

It must be run in /ceph directory. The container is implemented assuming that Ceph root directory is /ceph.

Running Ceph is also wrapped in a sciprt: It uses, a Ceph utility that deploys fake local cluster for development purpose 3. Once you are accustomed with the Ceph internal architecture, you can manually run for deployment.

The script runs **3 OSDs, 3 monitors, 3 metadata servers (MDSs), 1 manager, and 1 RADOS gateway (RGW). You can manipulate the number of daemons with OSD,MDS,MON,RGW enviornment variables as specified in [the manual]. The overrode the number of RGW from 0 to 1 [src].


Running Ceph cluster.

4. Ceph Dashboard

ceph-dev-docker also provides Ceph dashboard by default with script. By running the script, you can access the Ceph dashboard through https://localhost:4200. For Ceph dashboard features, refer to [this manual].

If you are using WSL, proper network configuration is required. Docker network is isolated from the host. hence you cannot directly access to Docker network namespace even if you are using --net=host container configuration. Refer to [this].


Ceph dashboard.

5. Integrating VSCode CMake

Since Ceph uses Cmake as its build system, it can be integrated into VSCode CMake extension. I personally use Microsoft CMake Tool.

Even ceph-dev-docker uses a script to build Ceph, it is simple to understand. looks like:



if [ -d "build" ]; then
    git submodule update --init --recursive
    cd build
    cmake $ARGS ..
    ./ $ARGS
    cd build

ccache make -j

where configuration arguments are given to CMake. Similarly, we can put the arguments into VSCode Cmake tool configuration:


CMake tool configuration arguments to build Ceph.

For ccache usage, I add one more argument: -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER_LAUNCHER=ccache. Refer to this post for more details.


Now I can directly build Ceph in VSCode!

  1. Ceph ↩︎

  2. ceph-dev-docker ↩︎

  3. Ceph: Deploying a Development Cluster ↩︎

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